Introduction

Lloyds Metals and Energy Limited (LMEL), have been granted mining lease over an area of 348.09 Ha. for iron ore at Surjagarh Village (Wooria Hills), Itapalli taluka, Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra for 50 years.

Minerals constitute the back-bone of economic growth of any nation and India has been eminently endowed with this gift of nature. Mining activities in the country however remained primitive in nature and modest in scale up-till the beginning of the twentieth century.

Iron ore is one of the major minerals occurring in the Indian Sub – Continent. In India, iron ore occurs in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.

Iron ore is one of the major minerals deposits found in Maharashtra. Commercially exploitable iron ore deposits occurs in Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Sindhudurg and Bhandara district of the largest and the most important.

Lease TypeTotal Lease  AreaLease Agreement- Executed onLease PeriodMining plan- Approved on
Mining348.09 Ha.03.05.200750 Years (Extension from 20 years to 50 years under process)03.03.2004

 

MOEF ClearancesForest ClearancesNPVMPCB Consent

Surface Right

ObtainedObtainedTotal
NPV is paid
ObtainedObtained

 

In the light of various expansion plans of manufacturing, as raw and captive source of iron ore for the sponge iron plant, the Company has applied for mining lease at Surjagarh Iron Ore Mine (Wooria Hills)

Presently Lloyds are doing iron ore mining operation in Gadchiroli by open cast method at Surjagarh (Wooria Hills) for captive generation of iron ore (Hematite).

 

Location of the mine

The mine is located near Bande village in Etapalli tehsil of Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra. The mining lease area at Village Surjagarh (Wooria Hills), falls under South Etapalli forest Range, Bhamragarh Forest Division, Forest Compartment Nos. 197, 198, 199, 227 and 228.

The area is bounded within latitudes N-190 35’ 30.0” – 190 37’ 50.00” & Longitudes E- 800 20’ 50.00”- 800 22’ 20.00” and 4 km east of Bands river.
The altitude of the site is about 700m above mean Sea Level (MSL) with a peak at 710 m above MSL. It includes the prominent hill called the “Wooria hills” with steep slopes and clad with a thick cover of bamboo, teak and other trees.

 

LOCATION MAP OF MINING LEASE AREA

 

Surjagarh (Wooria hills)

The major iron ore (Hematite) deposits in Gadchiroli district are located in three parallel hill ranges, viz

1] Surjagarh hill range

2] Damkod-Wadvi hill range 

3] Bhamragarh hill range.

However, the Surjagarh (Wooria hills) located in Surjagarh hill range is the most important and well known major iron ore deposit in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, in respect of reserves and good quality of iron ore.

 

Geology of the Area

Regionally the Surjagarh Iron Ore deposit forms a part of the Iron Ore Series rock formations, which are seen in great force discontinuously from Bailladilla in Bastar district in south, to northwards at Rawghat hills in Kanker district and then further north at Dalli-Rajhara in Rajnandgaon district, all of them in Chhattisgarh State. Surjagarh hill range is a westerly extension of these rocks in formations.

On the arc-shape Surjagarh hill range phyllite, Cherty Quartzite which grade laterally as well as vertically to banded hematite quartzite (BHQ) with development of iron ore at some geologically favorable locations, are exposed on the hill range proper and its upper slopes. On lower slopes and near the ground level, metabasic schist and granite gneisses are exposed. The Directorate of Geology & Mining, Government of Maharashtra has carried out detailed geological mapping of Surjagarh deposit.

 

THE SATELLITE IMAGERY OF MINING LEASE AREA

 

Types of Iron Ore – Hematite

The iron ore deposit comprises mainly of hematite and goethite ore with varying amounts of other secondary derivatives such as limonite and lepidocrocite.

 

Iron Ore Bodies

The iron ore deposit occurs as a blanket on top of the Wooria hill and its southern slope, stretching from 700 NSL to 450 MSL. The hematite iron ore bodies extend in length from northwest to southwest for about 2.5 km and are intersected at places by BHQ and phyllite bodies. The major ore bodies have been divided into three blocks on the basis of their spatial distribution. These are East Block, Central Block and West blocks.

 

Reserves

The Directorate of Geology & Mining, Government of Maharashtra has carried out detailed exploration and prospecting works and proved the reserves. The total 90 million tonnes of iron ore reserves have been estimated. Out of which 73.6 million tonnes of iron ore are in proved category and 16.4 million tones of iron ore reserves are in probable category. The reserves distributed in three main in-situ ore blocks namely East Block, Central Block and West blocks.

 

Grade

The deposits having high grade iron ore with average 64% Fe. The SiO2, Al2O3 on the whole are ranging between 2% & 3% respectively and Phosphorus and Sulphur in negligible.

 

Method of Mining

It is fully mechanized and open cost mining.

 

Proposed rate of Production

Proposed rate of production from the mines in Peak Capacity is 3.0 million tonnes per annum as per the Mining Plan and EC regulations.

 

Mining and Developments

Forest department has handover 20.00 Ha of land for mining purpose and collector has issued work permission (Surface Right) for the same.

Further 66.0 Ha of land will handover shortly for work permission for the first phase of mining.

The mining activities were started from April, 2016 and working open cast with semi mechanized mining in the float ore zone.

To further our commitment and economic development to this region and its people, Lloyds has recently announced we will be adding to our capacity, an additional Mineral Based Steel Plant at Village: Konsari, Tahsil: Chamorshi, Dist: Gadchiroli (MS).

 

Photographs showing Mine working and development